BNT162b2 Vaccination in People Over 80 Years of Age Induces Strong Humoral Immune Responses with Cross Neutralisation of P.1 Brazilian Variant

10.2139/ssrn.3816840

Preprints with The Lancet

7th April 2021

Contributing to research themes:

This research has not been peer-reviewed. This is a preliminary report that should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behaviour, or be reported in news media as established information.


Abstract

Background: Age is the major risk factor for mortality after SARS-CoV-2 infection and older people have received priority consideration for COVID-19 vaccination. However vaccine responses are often suboptimal in this age group and few people over the age of 80 years were included in vaccine registration trials.

Methods: We determined the serological and cellular response to spike protein in 100 people aged 80-96 years at 2 weeks after second vaccination with the Pfizer BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine.

Findings: Antibody responses were seen in every donor with high titres in 98%. Spike-specific cellular immune responses were detectable in only 63% and correlated with humoral response. Previous SARS-CoV-2 infection substantially increased antibody responses after one vaccine and antibody and cellular responses remained 28-fold and 3-fold higher respectively after dual vaccination. Post-vaccine sera mediated strong neutralisation of live Victoria (Wuhan-like prototype) infection and although neutralisation titres were reduced 14-fold against the P.1 variant first discovered in Brazil they remained largely effective.

Interpretation: These data demonstrate that the mRNA vaccine platform delivers strong humoral immunity in people up to 96 years of age and retains broad efficacy against the P.1 Variant of Concern.

Author list:

Helen Marie Parry, Gokhan Tut, Sian Faustini, Christine Stephens, Philip Saunders, Christopher Bentley, Katherine Hilyard, Kevin Brown, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Sue Charlton, Stephanie Leung, Emily Chiplin, Naomi S. Coombes, Kevin R. Bewley, Elizabeth J. Penn, Cathy Rowe, Ashley Otter, Rosie Watts, Silvia D’Arcangelo, Bassam Hallis, Andrew Makin, Alex G. Richter, Jianmin Zuo, Paul Moss